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Gravitational Wave Astrophysics

Observations of gravitational waves have opened a new window on the Universe. WVU faculty are involved both in the detection and characterization of gravitational waves, as well as the computational modeling of gravitational wave sources like black hole and neutron star binaries. Our group is rather unique in that we specialize in gravitational waves across the spectrum, from the very long gravitational waves detectable by NANOGrav (McLaughlin is the co-Director of the NANOGrav Physics Frontier Center), to the “medium-sized” waves detectable by LISA (McWilliams), to the “short” gravitational waves detected by LIGO (McWilliams and Etienne are members of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration).

Researchers in this area include:

Sean McWilliams
Sarah Burke-Spolaor
Maura McLaughlin

Recent  publications:

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, the Virgo Collaboration, the KAGRA Collaboration, 2021,  Searches for Gravitational Waves from Known Pulsars at Two Harmonics in the Second and Third LIGO-Virgo Observing RunsarXiv e-prints.

Ligo Scientific Collaboration, VIRGO Collaboration, and Kagra Collaboration, 2021,  All-sky search for long-duration gravitational-wave bursts in the third Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo runPhysical Review D, 104.

Ar zoumanian, Zaven, Baker, Paul T., Blumer, Harsha, Becsy, Bence, Brazier, Adam, Brook, Paul R., Burke-Spolaor, Sarah, Charisi, Maria, Chatterjee, Shami, Chen, Siyuan, Cordes, James M., Cornish, Neil J., Crawford, Fronefield, Cromartie, H. Thankful, DeCesar, Megan E., DeGan, Dallas M., Demorest, Paul B., Dolch, Timothy, Drachler, Brendan, Ellis, Justin A., Ferrara, Elizabeth C., Fiore, William, Fonseca, Emmanuel, Garver-Daniels, Nathan, Gentile, Peter A., Good, Deborah C., Hazboun, Jeffrey S., Holgado, A. Miguel, Islo, Kristina, Jennings, Ross J., Jones, Megan L., Kaiser, Andrew R., Kaplan, David L., Kelley, Luke Zoltan, Shapiro Key, Joey, Laal, Nima, Lam, Michael T., Lazio, T. Joseph W., Lorimer, Duncan R., Liu, Tingting, Luo, Jing, Lynch, Ryan S., Madison, Dustin R., McEwen, Alexander, McLaughlin, Maura A., Mingarelli, Chiara M. F., Ng, Cherry, Nice, David J., Olum, Ken D., Pennucci, Timothy T., Pol, Nihan S., Ransom, Scott M., Ray, Paul S., Romano, Joseph D., Sardesai, Shashwat C., Shapiro-Albert, Brent J., Siemens, Xavier, Simon, Joseph, Siwek, Magdalena S., Spiewak, Renee, Stairs, Ingrid H., Stinebring, Daniel R., Stovall, Kevin, Sun, Jerry P., Swiggum, Joseph K., Taylor, Stephen R., Turner, Jacob E., Vallisneri, Michele, Vigeland, Sarah J., Wahl, Haley M., and Witt, Caitlin A., 2021,  The NANOGrav 12.5-year data set: Search for Non-Einsteinian Polarization Modes inthe Gravitational-Wave BackgroundarXiv e-prints.

Arzoumanian, Zaven, Baker, Paul T., Brazier, Adam, Brook, Paul R., Burke-Spolaor, Sarah, Becsy, Bence, Charisi, Maria, Chatterjee, Shami, Cordes, James M., Cornish, Neil J., Crawford, Fronefield, Cromartie, H. Thankful, Decesar, Megan E., Demorest, Paul B., Dolch, Timothy, Elliott, Rodney D., Ellis, Justin A., Ferrara, Elizabeth C., Fonseca, Emmanuel, Garver-Daniels, Nathan, Gentile, Peter A., Good, Deborah C., Hazboun, Jeffrey S., Islo, Kristina, Jennings, Ross J., Jones, Megan L., Kaiser, Andrew R., Kaplan, David L., Kelley, Luke Zoltan, Key, Joey Shapiro, Lam, Michael T., Lazio, T. Joseph W., Luo, Jing, Lynch, Ryan S., Ma, Chung-Pei, Madison, Dustin R., McLaughlin, Maura A., Mingarelli, Chiara M. F., Ng, Cherry, Nice, David J., Pennucci, Timothy T., Pol, Nihan S., Ransom, Scott M., Ray, Paul S., Shapiro-Albert, Brent J., Siemens, Xavier, Simon, Joseph, Spiewak, Renée, Stairs, Ingrid H., Stinebring, Daniel R., Stovall, Kevin, Swiggum, Joseph K., Taylor, Stephen R., Vallisneri, Michele, Vigeland, Sarah J., Witt, Caitlin A., and Nanograv Collaboration, 2021,  The NANOGrav 11 yr Data Set: Limits on Supermassive Black Hole Binaries in Galaxies within 500 MpcThe Astrophysical Journal, 914.